Female Genital Mutilation

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) involves the partial or total removal of external female genitalia for non-medical reasons and is a form of child abuse and violence against women and girls, and their human rights.

The term FGM covers all harmful procedures to the female genitalia for non-medical purposes. There are 4 types – all are illegal and have serious health risks.

Type 1 Excision of the clitoris prepuce (“Sunna-circumcision”) and of the clitoris or parts thereof.

Type 2 Excision of the clitoris prepuce, the clitoris and the inner lips or parts thereof. Type 1 and 2 are the most common types of FGM

Type 3 Excision of part of or all of the external genitals (“infibulation”, also referred to as “Pharaonic Circumcision”).

Type 4 Uncategorized. Pricking, piercing, cutting or stretching of the clitoris or the labia, also burning or scarring the genitals as well as ripping of the vaginal opening or the introduction of corrosive substances or herbs into the vagina in order to tighten it.

FGM is illegal. Under the FGM Act 2003, a person is guilty of an offence if they excise, infibulate or otherwise mutilate the whole or any part of a girl’s or woman’s labia majora, labia minora or clitoris, except for necessary operations performed by a registered medical professional on physical and mental health grounds.

It is also an offence to assist a girl to perform FGM on herself. Any person found guilty of an offence under the Act will be liable to a maximum penalty of 14 years imprisonment or/and a fine.

Available resources:

Cambridgeshire & Peterborough Safeguarding Boards are working together to provide joint guidance and resources for professionals. By doing so, we will minimise confusion for the staff and maximise the range & depth of the resources available. All shared resources for parents & carers can be found at: http://www.safeguardingpeterborough.org.uk/children-board/professionals/female-genital-mutilation/ 

Materials specifically relevant to Cambridgeshire's needs and context can be found in this section.